Back to top

Фарфор дороже золота

Предметы из фарфора прочно вошли в нашу жизнь, но далеко не каждый из нас знает истинную ценность старинного "белого золота".

История фарфора  насчитывает более трех тысяч лет и ни для кого не секрет, что родиной его был Китай.  Для светской Европы фарфор  сразу же стал предметом культа. Он хранился в сокровищницах королей, осколки его оформлялись в золотую оправу, как  драгоценные камни. К сожалению, в наши дни производство фарфора упрощают, ускоряют,  делают очень много репродукции и копий. Тем ценнее на этом фоне работа старых мастеров и художников. Она всегда  останется  эксклюзивной и неповторимой. Истинные изделия из фарфора уникальны и представляют собой не только художественную, но и историческую ценность.

В России история фарфора начиналась с Императорского фарфорового завода, основанного в 1744 году на берегах Невы.

Императорский фарфоровый завод выпускал фарфор  только по заказу царского двора. Первый же частный завод, производивший продукцию для продажи, появился только в 1750–х годах.  Его основатель, Франц Яковлевич Гарднер, прибыл в Россию из Англии.   Чтобы наладить производство качественного фарфора, Гарднер выкупил из долговой ямы мастера по технологии производства фарфора Андрея Гребенщикова, переманил с Императорского завода мейсенского мастера Иоганна Миллера. В результате, фарфор, выпускаемый на предприятии Франца Яковлевича Гарднера, считался лучшим в России, и не имел равных соперников до середины 19века.

Победа в войне 1812 года дала толчок в сознании и самоопределении русской нации и это также способствовало новому витку в развитии фарфорового производства в России. Возникают небольшие частные заводы. Предметы из фарфора, произведенного на них, уникальны не только характерным для того времени стилем ампир, но еще и потому, что история жизни многих из них не насчитывает и нескольких десятков лет.

На этом фоне особенно выделяется завод Сергея Батенина. Батенинский фарфор едва ли не самый узнаваемый среди частных фарфоровых заводов XIX века. Его характеризует стилистическая цельность и исключительная любовь к петербургским мотивам, а также своеобразные тяжеловатые букеты и цветочные фризы на богато золоченом фоне.  В наши дни батенинский фарфор – редкость на антикварном рынке, т.к. завод просуществовал недолго (менее тридцати лет), и объемы производства были невелики.

Необыкновенная декоративность, тонкое чувство колорита, любовь к выразительному рисунку и ярким чистым краскам можно увидеть в предметах, созданных мастерами завода Попова.  Историки заслуженно назвали фарфор Попова «хрестоматией русского фарфора». На заводе использовали собственную палитру красок, разработанную в лаборатории завода, которая отличалась  особой изысканностью тона.  Прекрасное качество фарфоровой массы и высокий художественный уровень  определили высокую цену на поповский фарфор. В 1831 году  столовые сервизы завода стоили около 1500 рублей, что сопоставимо с ценами на продукцию Императорского завода.

Впоследствии рецепты красок завода Попова были проданы братьям Корниловым, владельцам  фарфоровой мануфактуры. С 1843 года завод братьев Корниловых носил гордое  звание «Поставщика Двора Его Императорского Величества». Такое  звание  могли получить только те, кто в течение 8-10 лет выполнял придворные заказы. Продукцию братьев Корниловых сегодня относят к разряду элитного коллекционного фарфора.

По разнообразию продукции, выпускаемой братьями Корниловыми, могли  поспорить  лишь  заводы  Матвея Сидоровича Кузнецова, история которых началась в 1810 году. Художники и мастера кузнецовских заводов использовали в оформлении фарфора элементы практически всех стилей, существовавших когда-либо и новых, только входивших в моду, например, модерна. Матвей Сидорович понимал, что у сотен тысяч покупателей самые разные вкусы и пристрастия, но каждый из них должен найти среди его изделий что-то себе по душе. И действительно, кузнецовские фабрики выпускали посуду для всех слоев населения России. Для небогатых людей – расписанную в народных традициях гжельской керамики, для солидных купцов – помпезную и дорогую, с золотыми и рокайльными завитками, для утонченного покупателя – с «задумчивым» российскими пейзажами или в стиле модерн. С маркизами и пастушками – для любителей легкой и красивой жизни.

Продукция заводов Кузнецова завоевывала золотые медали на различных выставках в России и Европе. В течение 10 лет Матвей Сидорович ежегодно поставлял посуду для императорского двора, за что получил звание «Поставщика Двора Его Императорского Величества» и право помещать на клейме изображения сразу двух Государственных гербов.

К началу XX века Кузнецовы были фактически монополистами на рынке фарфора в России.  В это время они владели 18-ю предприятиями в разных регионах Российской империи; не менее 10 из этих предприятий превратились в крупнейшие в стране керамические заведения. Все 18 заводов принадлежали потомкам Якова Васильевича Кузнецова, основателя династии. «Товарищество производства фарфоровых и фаянсовых изделий М.С. Кузнецова» просуществовало вплоть до революции 1917 года. 4 февраля 1919 года «Товарищество М.С. Кузнецова» было национализировано. Правда, у наследников  остался фарфоровый завод в Риге.  И марку завода продолжали ставить «Товарищество М.С Кузнецова в Риге» вплоть до 1940 года, пока в Риге не установилась Советская власть.

Однако, несмотря на огромный объем производства, на сегодняшний день кузнецовский фарфор все реже встречается на антикварном рынке. Фарфор – вещь хрупкая, к тому же предназначенная для повседневного использования. Если раньше предметы, изготовленные на фабриках Кузнецова «жили» в каждой семье, сейчас они заняли подобающее место в коллекциях ведущих художественных музеев страны и частных собраниях.  Русский фарфор высоко оценивается и на мировых антикварных аукционах, потому что  он самобытен и оригинален.

Каждый из русских заводов создал свою неповторимую  манеру и стиль. Даже иностранные заимствования никогда не были слепыми, а всегда несли на себе печать русского народного миропонимания и искусства. Поэтому во всем мире  русский фарфор выделяется как характерный русский, а значит, самобытный и неповторимый.

Комментарии

The other day, while I was at work, my sister stole my


iphone and tested to see if it can survive a 30 foot drop, just so she can be


a youtube sensation. My iPad is now broken and she


has 83 views. I know this is totally off topic but I had to share it with someone!








Review my website: Tarot

Definitely believe that which you said. Your favorite reason appeared to be on the internet the


simplest thing to be aware of. I say to you, I definitely get irked while people think about worries that they


plainly don't know about. You managed to hit the nail upon the top as well


as defined out the whole thing without having side-effects


, people could take a signal. Will probably be back to get more.


Thanks





Also visit my web site; Радио Поющие чаши

I think this is among the most vital info for me.


And i am glad reading your article. But wanna remark on few


general things, The website style is ideal, the articles is really excellent :


D. Good job, cheers





my blog post ... tadalafil generic

Hi outstanding blog! Does running a blog such as this take a


lot of work? I've absolutely no expertise in coding however I


had been hoping to start my own blog in the near future.


Anyhow, if you have any ideas or techniques for new blog owners please share.


I understand this is off topic but I simply wanted to ask.


Thank you!





Also visit my page ... Tibetan singing bowls (Laurence)

Hey there! I just want to give you a huge thumbs up for the great info


you have got right here on this post. I am returning to your web site for


more soon.





my blog post :: tibetan singing bowls

judi online terbaik - Judi online has many benefits.


First, there is a wide variety of games to pick from.


While many websites claim to provide the best


service, some can crash if they win. Certain sites may install harmful cookies on your


computer and then charge you immediately. It is very important to choose an auafter thattic website.


This article will explain advantages of playing judi on the


internet and how you can choose the best option for you.


Furthermore, we will describe the steps to follow before you subscribe and start playing.








Permainan judi online yang paling populer





Indonesia is the world's biggest gambling market with a staggering number of people playing a variety of games


online. Judi bola is the most played game in Indonesia.


It is performed by more than 100 million players every year.


In addition to being popular in Indonesia the game is also well-known in other countries beyond the country.


Its simple rules and untold untung make judi bola one of the the majority of popular games


played online.





Despite its relatively young age the game continues to attract new players each day.





Many players enjoy the thrill of winning large amounts of money online.


Some are more obsessed than others, making this the


most popular sport online in Indonesia. You will enjoy it regardless of which game you select.


Fortunately, judi bola is on althe majority of every major gambling website.








Online slot games are extremely popular in Indonesia. There


are numerous online slot online game providers such as Microgaming or Habanero.


Ancient Fortunes has a payout rate of 96.80


percent. While playing online slot games you can even get cash prizes, like bonus jackpots.


Even though you're enjoying your favorite game, you'll also be able


to meet new friends along the way.





Permainan judi online yang terbaik





There are many online judi sites. Apart from the numerous kinds of games,


they also offer a variety of uang tambahan or keuntungan. This is a great way to make money while enjoying your most loved game.





These are some tips to assist you choose the best judi site.


Here are a few of the benefits of playing internet poker.


These are the advantages you need to know prior situs judi slot online resmi


to you start playing.





1. Valid Data





* Games that are well-known are available.


You can play different games to discover your


favorite. You can find a wide selection of games on the best online


agenjudi terbaik. Pick one that fits your preferences.


The more popular the game, the higher the chance of winning.


There are many reasons why you should be playing on an online judi website that is reputable.





It could end up being because of its popularity.





* Variety of Games





Permainan judi online yang tepat





In the world of online judi, it is not easy to find an activity that's both fun and


lucrative. But, there are some features that are crucial for a


site to be considered a tepat permainan. Below are


some guidelines on what you can select the right game to play.


You should also search for customer services.





The games themselves are exciting. Each game has a different video video gameplay.


Additionally the karakter for each game is different.


In other words, there is certainlyn't a perfect game. Plie downers


and casinos should find the overall game enjoyable.


It should also get rid fraud. You can even look online


for reviews and testimonials to discover an authentic website.











The website provides a wide variety of Keuntungan. There are a lot of options available


for permainan judi players. You can easily find a reliable website that has the numerous online games.


This allows you to enjoy playing without having to worry about the security of your individual information. You can find all the info you require


on a trusted site.





Cara bermain





Major judi secara online offers many advantages and


disadvantages compared to essential judi sepera pulled back.


Here are some of the major benefits and drawback agains of


main judi online. Find out more to become a more successful player.


Cara Bermain Judi Online is a lot more than just learning rules.


In addition, it involves improving your emozion and hawa-hati.








You can also play online judi with your mobile or smartphone app.


A high-speed internet connection as well as a laptop and gaming


account are all you need. Based on the game you play you'll need to download a particular


application to your device. If you'd like to play online together with your friends, you may use a separate PC.


Just make sure that you don't have any software installed


that blocks you from playing.





If you're just beginning to learn about Judi online, you may be wondering how


to get started playing. It's actually a simple process once you've downloaded an app.





Next, you'll need to find a reliable website to play on. You'll


need to sign up on the site and seek out the games you'd like play.


You can choose which language you want to use based on where you are located.








Situs judi online terbaik





If you're looking for a place to play the game of poker


online with real money, look into joining a Situs Judi online terbaiK.


This is actually the best choice because it offers performers the chance to earn lots of money, and possess


fun! You can reap many advantages from playing at Situs Judi Online.





But one of the most important is their popularity.








The variety of games available in an online poker room is one of the best things


about it. You can select from a range of different games, including online video


poker, classic poker, and a wide range of slot machines. Other benefits of an internet poker room include free cash bonuses and


VIP programs. No matter your level of experience, an online casino that is rated highly offers several services for its players.








Microgaming is a well-known slot manufacturer and may be the best choice for slot machines.





This software provider has been around since 1994 and has contributed


to the high-quality and number of online casino games


and mobile gaming apps. Social media and search


engines can help you locate reputable slots sites.





Be sure you play responsibly! Play at a legitimate and secure online casino.





Don't gamble your money.





Cara bermain di situs judi online terbaik





If you're just beginning in the world of online casino games it is simple to master how to play slots


at any of the best casinos online. Slots certainly


are a very popular game and it's not surprising. They're a extremely popular game that everybody


loves to play, and are an excellent way


to pass your free time. They're ideal for building your account.


Learn how you can win the biggest payouts when enjoying online slots!








Sign up first for the online24jam site that provides the


best bonuses. Online24jare is one example.





offers an Rp1 million welcome bonus for members who deposit a the minimum a minimum of tenrupiah.


Ensure that you join with a reputable company. Be aware that a trusted casino is one that can become definitely trustworthy and also have a lot of satis definitelyfied customers.








Thirdly, ensure that you choose a reputable


casino online. A trustworthy online casino should


have certifications and be regulated by the PAGCOR. Before you make a deposit, ensure that you have got checked all the information. Doing this will ensure your information remains safe and sound.


A gambling house online that is reputable will provide all the details


you need to play your preferred slot. You can then relax and enjoy yourself!











Cara bermain di situs judi online terpercaya





When you decide to play online casino games, you will


have many options. There are all sorts of casino games, from slots to roulette.


It is important to learn the rules of each game, to


be able to properly enjoy. Poker games will vary


from games played in internet gambling establishments.


It is necessary to learn the rules of poker video games to avoid losing profits or getting punished


for a blunder.





To play an online casino game, create an account with a


user ID. An online casino that offers this service will help


you create a free of charge account. The next step is to fill


in your personal details and deposit funds into your accounts.


Then, it is possible to demand menu of online casinos.


You must ensure that your user ID contains the correct information.





High-quality games are what you will discover


on a reputable online casino. It'll offer a vast selection of video games


and mobile-friendly platforms. You can pick


from the well-known NetEnt slot game, or try


your luck in a video poker game. You'll receive a


generous bonus in case of winning. Customer support can help you in the event of a bad


experience.

I am really inspired together with your writing abilities and also with the


layout for your weblog. Is this a paid subject or did you modify


it yourself? Anyway stay up the nice quality writing, it's uncommon to peer a great blog like


this one today..





my blog ... order medicine online

you're truly a good webmaster. The site loading speed is incredible.


It kind of feels that you're doing any distinctive trick.


Also, The contents are masterwork. you have performed a wonderful job on this


subject!





Feel free to surf to my web blog: buy generic cialis

After exploring a handful of the articles on your blog, I really like your technique of blogging.


I book-marked it to my bookmark webpage list and will be checking back


soon. Please check out my web site too and let me know how you feel.








Feel free to visit my web page - canadian pharmacy online

Great post. I was checking continuously this blog and I'm impressed!


Extremely useful information particularly the last part :


) I care for such info a lot. I was looking for this certain info for a very long time.


Thank you and good luck.





My webpage ... medicine online order

Heya i'm for the first time here. I found this board and I


find It really useful & it helped me out a lot.


I hope to give something back and help others like you aided me.








Look into my webpage: online medicine tablets shopping

Hello! This is my first comment here so I just wanted to give a quick shout out and say I truly enjoy reading your


blog posts. Can you suggest any other blogs/websites/forums that cover the same subjects?


Thanks!





Feel free to surf to my web page: canadian cialis

Thanks for the marvelous posting! I actually enjoyed reading it, you happen to be a great author.


I will remember to bookmark your blog and will often come back sometime soon. I want to encourage you to definitely


continue your great writing, have a nice morning!





Here is my web-site - canadian online pharmacies

Thanks for the good writeup. It if truth be told was


a enjoyment account it. Look complex to more brought agreeable from you!


By the way, how could we be in contact?





Look at my blog post ... order medicine online

Thanks for another informative website. The place else may just I get that kind of info written in such a perfect approach?


I've a undertaking that I'm just now operating on, and


I have been at the glance out for such info.





Feel free to surf to my web site ... cialis without a doctor's prescription

Please let me know if you're looking for a writer for your site.


You have some really good articles and I think I


would be a good asset. If you ever want to take


some of the load off, I'd absolutely love to write some articles for your blog in exchange


for a link back to mine. Please blast me an e-mail if interested.





Kudos!





Feel free to surf to my web site - online medicine tablets shopping

After I originally left a comment I seem to have clicked on the


-Notify me when new comments are added- checkbox


and now each time a comment is added I receive


4 emails with the same comment. There has to be a means you can remove me


from that service? Thank you!





Feel free to surf to my blog post: cialis from canada

Wow that was odd. I just wrote an really long comment


but after I clicked submit my comment didn't appear.





Grrrr... well I'm not writing all that over again. Anyways,


just wanted to say fantastic blog!





Have a look at my blog online order medicine

Hi there! This is my first visit to your blog!





We are a group of volunteers and starting a new


initiative in a community in the same niche. Your blog provided us beneficial information to work on. You have done


a wonderful job!





Here is my blog - online medicine shopping

2021 ehliyet sınav soruları için ziyaret ettiğiniz 2022 ehliyet sınav soruları sayfamızdan ehliyet sınav soruları 2021


sorularına ulaşabilir, istediğiniz ehliyet sınavı soruları 2021 bilgilerine erişebilirsiniz.


Ehliyet sinav soruları sitesi olarak sizlere güncel ehliyet


sınav soruları çöz 50 sunmaya çalışmaktayız.


sizlerde ehliyet sınav soruları sitemizi ziyaret ederek hemen ehliyet sınavı soruları detaylarına göz atın!





Neden ehliyet sınav soruları 2022 sitesini tercih


etmeliyim?


2020 ehliyet sınav soruları sitemiz sizlere en güncel çıkmış ehliyet


sınav soruları sunar ve güncel meb ehliyet sınav soruları bilgilerini kullanmanızı sağlar.








Ehliyet sinav sorulari sitenizdeki tüm elektronik sınavlar çalışıyor mu?





Ehliyet sınav soruları editörleri olarak sizlere en güncel ve ehliyet sınavı soruları bilgilerini sunuyoruz.


Hemen ehliyet sınav soruları sayfalarımızdan ya da 2021 ehliyet sınav soruları içeriklerimize


göz atabilirsiniz!





Ehliyet sınav soruları nedir?


Ehliyet sınav soruları sizlere sınavınızda çıkacak soruları çözmenize


yardımcı olan bir internet sitesidir. Ehliyet sınav


soruları sayfamızı ziyaret ederek bu ayrıcalıklardan ücretsiz


faydalanabilirsiniz. Haydi hemen ehliyet sınav soruları


sitesini ziyaret edin!





ehliyet sınav soruları

Attractive section of content. I just stumbled upon your website and in accession capital to assert that I get actually enjoyed account your blog posts.


Anyway I'll be subscribing to your feeds and


even I achievement you access consistently


fast.





Also visit my web site ... online medicine tablets shopping

Its such as you learn my thoughts! You appear to grasp a lot about this, like you wrote


the e-book in it or something. I feel that you could do with some % to power the message home a


little bit, but instead of that, this is great blog.


A fantastic read. I'll definitely be back.





My blog: online order medicine

Hi there! I'm at work surfing around your blog from my new iphone!





Just wanted to say I love reading your blog and look forward to all your


posts! Keep up the outstanding work!





My web blog: buy cialis online

I'm extremely impressed with your writing skills and also with


the layout on your weblog. Is this a paid theme or did you modify it yourself?





Anyway keep up the excellent quality writing, it's rare to see a


nice blog like this one these days.





Also visit my webpage - cialis tablets australia

What you published made a lot of sense. However, what about this?


suppose you were to write a awesome headline? I mean, I don't want to tell you how to run your blog, however suppose you added something to maybe get a person's attention? I mean Добавить комментарий


| АнтиквариатЪ на НиколаевскомЪ is kinda


vanilla. You should peek at Yahoo's home page and watch how they create post titles to


grab viewers to click. You might add a related video or a related pic or two to get people interested about what you've got


to say. Just my opinion, it might make your website a


little bit more interesting.





Feel free to visit my web page Поющие чаши singing-bowls (Courtney)

I absolutely love your blog.. Excellent colors & theme.





Did you create this website yourself? Please reply back as I'm hoping to create my own website and would love to find out where you got this from


or exactly what the theme is named. Thanks!





Feel free to surf to my blog canadian pharmacy

Страницы

Добавить комментарий